Normal Plasma Zinc Level In Correlation With Length Velocity In Stunting Children Aged Between 1 And 2 Years Old In Surakarta

Body: 

Asia Pacific Journal Paediatric and Child Health, Volume 4, Jan - Mar 2021

Normal Plasma Zinc Level In Correlation With Length Velocity In Stunting Children Aged Between 1 And 2 Years Old In Surakarta
Aldilla Dinaresti 1, Harsono Salimo 1, Fadhilah Tia Nur 1

Abstract

Background: Stunting is a chronic malnutrition caused by prolonged insufficient nutritional intake due to feeding inappropriate to nutritional needs. Malnutrition in children increases the mortality in infants and children, causing susceptibility to illness and non-optimal posture in adulthood. Malnutrition problem, other than macronutrient deficiency, can also be caused by micronutrient deficiency. One of the micronutrients that have benefits and vital to the growth and development of human is zinc (Zn).

Objective: To analyze the correlation between normal plasma zinc level and length velocity in stunting children.

Methods: Observational analytical study with cross-sectional approach was conducted in 35 stunting children, aged between 1 and 2 years old in several community health centers in Surakarta from January 2019 to June 2019. The subjects underwent blood laboratory examination for plasma zinc level. All participants data was processed and statistical analyzed.

Results: Our study found a correlation (rk) value of 0.554, meaning there was a positive correlation between zinc level and length velocity, with moderate correlation power. The p-value was 0.001 (p < 0.05), which means that there was a significant correlation between normal plasma zinc level and length velocity in 1-2 years old stunting children.

Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between normal plasma zinc level and length velocity in 1-2 years old stunting children. Zinc supplementation and consumption of zinc-containing foods could increase growth in children with abnormal growth pattern without other abnormalities.

Keywords: Zinc, supplement, stunting, length velocity, micronutrient.

Author’s Affiliation:
1- Department of Child Health, Sebelas Maret University – Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Correspondence:
Aldilla Dinaresti, Email: dilladinaresti@gmail.com