Intervention Of Physical Activities In Children And Adolescents With Obesity In Asia: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis

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Asia Pacific Journal of Paediatric and Child Health,  Volume 5, Jan - Mar 2022

Intervention Of Physical Activities In Children And Adolescents With Obesity In Asia: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis

Connie Raina Carissa 1 , Annang Giri Moelyo 1 , Dwi Hidayah 1

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents in developing countries, especially in Asia, is increasing and becomes a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, including in Indonesia.

Objective: This study aims to analyze the intervention of physical activities on BMI, waist circumference, and body fat percentage in overweight/obese children in Asia.

Methods: This study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on 4,163 studies comprehensively from electronic databases, including PubMed (MEDLINE), PubMed Central (PMC), Science Direct, Springer Link, Cochrane, and hand searching. The results of data analysis were presented in narration, table, and graphics. A quantitative synthesis of the meta-analysis was conducted using the MedCalc software.

Results: Meta-analysis results showed a significant decrease in body fat percentage after the intervention of physical activities (-1.422, 95% CI, -1.697 to -1.146) with p < 0.001. The decrease of BMI z-score after the intervention of physical activities in the metaanalysis showed a significant result (-0.877, 95% CI, -1.170 to -0.585) with p < 0.001. There was a significant decrease in waist circumference in overweight/obese children and adolescents (1.111, 95% CI, -1.385 to -0.837) with p < 0.001).

Conclusion: There is a significant difference in body fat percentage, BMI z-score, and waist circumference between overweight and obese children and adolescents who received the intervention of physical activities and the control group in Asia.

Keywords: Physical activity, obesity, Asia, Systematic review, Meta-analysis

Author’s Affiliation: 1- Department of Child Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret Medical School/Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Solo, Central Java, Indonesia.

Correspondence: Connie Raina Carissa, Email: conniequrtubi@gmail.com